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ERIC Number: EJ980602
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Mar
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 40
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9010
Pattern and Variable Approaches in Leadership Emergence and Effectiveness
Foti, Roseanne J.; Hauenstein, Neil M. A.
Journal of Applied Psychology, v92 n2 p347-355 Mar 2007
This study examined variable and pattern approaches to studying the influence of individual differences on both leadership emergence and leader effectiveness. Emergent leaders were identified and then followed for 9 months of effectiveness data gathering. Bivariate correlation and regression analyses were complemented by person-based analyses. Results showed that the same pattern of individual differences (high intelligence, high dominance, high general self-efficacy, and high self-monitoring) was associated with both leadership emergence and leader effectiveness. Persons scoring high on the set of individual difference variables emerged as leaders, were promoted to leadership positions, and were rated by their superiors as effective leaders. (Contains 1 footnote and 3 tables.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: SAT (College Admission Test)