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ERIC Number: EJ979925
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 21
ISSN: ISSN-1345-8353
Does Translation Contribute to Learners' Free Active Vocabulary?
Asiyaban, Amir R.; Bagheri, Mohammad S.
Journal of Pan-Pacific Association of Applied Linguistics, v16 n1 p111-121 2012
This research was conducted to find out whether or not using "translation" technique in vocabulary teaching would have any positive effects on the "free active" vocabulary of Iranian learners of English. To carry out the research, eighty-eight intermediate male and female students were chosen. The participants were divided into four "male experimental", "male control", "female experimental", and "female control" groups. The experimental groups were taught twenty English words using their L1 translations, whereas, control groups were instructed the same words using their L2 definitions. After four sessions of treatment the pupils were given a test on "free active" vocabulary, and the corresponding data were gathered. A 2x2x2 ANOVA was run to analyze the data. The analysis revealed that those whose instruction was through L1 translation performed better on the test than others. With regard to the nature of the test, we can assert that those who performed better had turned more of the instructed words into "free active". That is, "translation" technique helped pupils keep the words as "free active" in their minds, which in turn influenced their communicative ability. (Contains 2 tables.)
Pan-Pacific Association of Applied Linguistics. Department of English, Namseoul University, 21 Maeju-ri, Seonghwan-eup, Cheonan-city, Choongnam, Korea 330-707. Tel: +82-2-3290-1995; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Iran