ERIC Number: EJ979732
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Perspectives on Family Health, Happiness and Harmony (3H) among Hong Kong Chinese People: A Qualitative Study
Lam, W. W. T.; Fielding, R.; McDowell, I.; Johnston, J.; Chan, Sophia; Leung, G. M.; Lam, T. H.
Health Education Research, v27 n5 p767-779 Oct 2012
Family harmony, an important Confucian ideal in Chinese society is believed to determine family happiness and therefore health, but is this accurate? This is a qualitative study of 41 Hong Kong Chinese family members. Individual recorded interviews were thematically analysed describing perceived interactions between harmony, happiness and health. Family harmony comprised four components: communication, mutual respect, lack of conflict and family time [notably "Gou tong" (in Cantonese [?])--opportunity and willingness to spend time together--requiring good interpersonal communication, emphasized by female respondents]. Lack of conflict was emphasized, while diverse values, parenting styles and financial difficulties were common causes of conflict. Respect required reciprocity. Family happiness comprised four elements: family harmony, an important pre-requisite; mutual caring and supportive orientation; sense of security emphasizing financial security in middle-class versus sense of togetherness in lower social class groups and contentment. Healthy families were harmonious; "typical" (children/two-parent/two-grandparent); happy; caring and respectful, with individual health and healthy behaviours. Family harmony, happiness and health are interrelated and built on a communicative, respectful, caring and contented set of attitudes, in particular allowing for family time. Harmony is apparently a core element of good family functioning.
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Foreign Countries, Qualitative Research, Confucianism, Health, Interviews, Family Relationship, Interpersonal Communication, Conflict, Values, Parenting Styles, Financial Problems, Caring, Security (Psychology), Social Class, Health Behavior
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Hong Kong