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ERIC Number: EJ979721
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 46
ISSN: ISSN-0827-3383
The Relationships among Cognitive Correlates and Irregular Word, Non-Word, and Word Reading
Abu-Hamour, Bashir; University, Mu'tah; Urso, Annmarie; Mather, Nancy
International Journal of Special Education, v27 n1 p144-159 2012
This study explored four hypotheses: (a) the relationships among rapid automatized naming (RAN) and processing speed (PS) to irregular word, non-word, and word reading; (b) the predictive power of various RAN and PS measures, (c) the cognitive correlates that best predicted irregular word, non-word, and word reading, and (d) reading performance of typical and poor readers on irregular word, non-word, and word reading. Sixty participants in Grades 1-4 with and without reading disabilities were administered a measure of phonological awareness (PA) and a measure of working memory (WM), and several measures of RAN and PS. The findings indicated that PS had the strongest correlation with irregular word reading, whereas RAN had the strongest correlations with word reading and non-word reading. As with previous research RAN letters was the best predictor of reading skills. The best model for predicting reading was based on a combined measure of PA and RAN letters. An interesting finding was that the correlation between irregular and non-word reading was significant for students with typical reading, but insignificant for the poor readers. These findings provide support for both the dual-route and double-deficit theory of dyslexia that ascribes independent contributions of PA and RAN to the development of reading skills. (Contains 6 tables.)
International Journal of Special Education. 2889 Highbury Street, Vancouver, BC V6R 3T7, Canada. Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 1; Grade 2; Grade 3; Grade 4
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Woodcock Johnson Tests of Achievement; Woodcock Johnson Tests of Cognitive Ability