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ERIC Number: EJ979717
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 54
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0827-3383
Reconstructing Transition Knowledge in Taiwan
Cheng, Chen-chen
International Journal of Special Education, v27 n1 p93-103 2012
Taking a post-colonial stand and using school to work transition as an example, the author re-examines the special education discourses in Taiwan and attempts to construct alternate understandings of transition from sociological and cultural perspectives. A review of past transition literature and a survey of the educational background of the special education faculty in Taiwan reveal the United States (U.S.) heritage of the special education knowledge. Although the introduction of transition concepts and models from the U.S. and the strongly U.S. influenced development of special education have contributed tremendously to the education of children with disabilities in Taiwan, the theories and philosophies that have their roots in the western history and civilization and manifested in special education theories and practices appear to go largely unnoticed by the special education scholars and practitioners in Taiwan for various reasons. In view of the continuously yet uncritically embrace and application of the borrowed theories and practices in Taiwan, the author excavates the three themes that dominate current special education and transition discourse and drive the special education practices in Taiwan. These themes include (a) the privileging of the U.S. transition knowledge, (b) the universality of transition concepts, and (c) the culture deficit approach to understanding transition in local contexts. The author then discusses the possible consequences of the contradictions and incompatibilities between borrowed transition theories and local practices, proposes alternative readings of these contradictions, and offers solutions based on Taiwan's local social and cultural contexts.
International Journal of Special Education. 2889 Highbury Street, Vancouver, BC V6R 3T7, Canada. Web site: http://www.internationaljournalofspecialeducation.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Taiwan; United States