ERIC Number: EJ979466
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 80
Language Proficiency and Early Literacy Skills of Cantonese-Speaking English Language Learners in the U.S. and Canada
Uchikoshi, Yuuko; Marinova-Todd, Stefka H.
Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, v25 n9 p2107-2129 Oct 2012
This study describes the language proficiency and early literacy skills of Cantonese-speaking English language learners (ELLs) in kindergarten. A total of 113 Cantonese-speaking kindergarteners in Canada and the United States, composed of three subsamples from three different locations participated in this study. Results showed that on average, the Cantonese-speaking ELLs in this study performed below average on vocabulary measures when compared with monolingual norms, but at or above average on English letter-word identification and phonological awareness (PA) tasks. Cluster analysis was used to identify two new groups of children based on their language proficiency in each language: English dominant and Cantonese dominant. There were no differences on PA in English and Cantonese between the cluster groups. However, the English dominant group performed significantly higher on English vocabulary and English decoding than the Cantonese dominant group. At the same time, the Cantonese dominant group performed significantly higher on Cantonese vocabulary and Cantonese word reading than the English dominant group. Finally, multiple regression analysis revealed that there was cross-language facilitation of PA on Chinese character recognition. Educational implications and directions for future research are discussed.
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Foreign Countries, Speech Communication, Vocabulary, Emergent Literacy, Phonological Awareness, Language Proficiency, Monolingualism, Multivariate Analysis, Sino Tibetan Languages, Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence, Task Analysis, Multiple Regression Analysis, Transfer of Training
Springer. 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-348-4505; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.springerlink.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada