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ERIC Number: EJ978435
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 59
ISSN: ISSN-1303-0485
The Paradigm Shift of Vocational Guidance and Career Counseling and Its Implications for Turkey: An Evaluation from Past to Future
Yesilyaprak, Binnur
Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, v12 n1 p111-118 Win 2012
The effect of globalization on the economic and social changes and the new paradigms of these changes which have caused vocational guidance and career counseling services are become increasingly world-wide sociopolitical instrument. To use this instrument by effectively and responsibly as individual and socially, it is required to understand correctly the new paradigms in this area. These services in the U.S. is started in early 1900s and developed according to structure and need of society. The Turkish counseling movement dates back to the 1950s and drives its roots largely from advances and development in the U.S system of vocational guidance. Three identifiable historical periods which are (i) Beginning period (1953-1975), (ii) Searching period (1976-1994), and (iii) Developing period (1995-2010), including, respectively, leading, indecisive, and systematic steps. At the last period because of the process of integration with the European Union, the route of these services turned from America to Europe. Although some important steps and initiatives, it is not expected to have effective and meaningful results unless reviewing and evaluating of paradigm shifts. The author discusses and evaluates of vocational guidance and career counseling services in our country, in historical perspective, the changes created by globalization and new paradigms examining the current situation in light of the possible implications put forward in this area. It is estimated that the need of vocational guidance and career counseling services can be on the increase in the 21st century because of trends related to the globalization. The result of these trends, the perceptions and approaches in the field of vocational guidance and career counseling have rapidly changed in the last 10-15 years. The description of new paradigms with the causes and consequences that it can be functional for drawing the route of the search for solution is extremely important for the future. (Contains 2 tables.)
Educational Consultancy, Ltd (EDAM). Kisikli Mh. Alemdag Cd. Yan Yol Sk., SBK Is Merkezi No:5 Kat:1, Uskudar-Istanbul, 34692 Turkey. Tel: +90-216-481-30-23; Fax: +90-216-481-31-36; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: European Union; Turkey; United States