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ERIC Number: EJ978144
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Mar
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 26
ISSN: ISSN-1836-9391
Behind before They Begin: The Challenge of Early Childhood Education in Rural China
Luo, Renfu; Zhang, Linxiu; Liu, Chengfang; Zhao, Qiran; Shi, Yaojiang; Rozelle, Scott; Sharbono, Brian
Australasian Journal of Early Childhood, v37 n1 p55-64 Mar 2012
The main goal of this paper is to analyse factors (accessibility, attendance rates and quality of preschools) that may be affecting the educational readiness of China's rural children before they enter the formal school system. Using data from a survey of 82 preschools and 492 households in six counties in three provinces of China, this paper documents the nature of early childhood education (ECE) services and the educational readiness of children aged four to five years in rural China. We present evidence that ECE services are seriously deficient. We show that China's rural children score much lower on standardised tests of educational readiness than their urban counterparts and that more than one half of the rural children in our sample are "not ready" to continue on to the next level of formal education, possibly owing to the poor quality of early childhood education and low participation rates in early childhood education. (Contains 5 tables and 2 figures.)
Early Childhood Australia. P.O. Box 7105, Watson, ACT 2602, Australia. Tel: +61-2-6242-1800; Fax: +61-2-6242-1818; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Kindergarten; Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China