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ERIC Number: EJ977942
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Dec
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 48
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0964-2633
The Effect of Configuration on VSWM Performance of Down Syndrome Individuals
Carretti, B.; Lanfranchi, S.
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, v54 n12 p1058-1066 Dec 2010
Background: Recent studies have demonstrated that individuals with Down syndrome (DS) are poorer than controls in spatial-simultaneous tasks, but not in spatial-sequential tasks. To explain this finding, it has been suggested that the simultaneous visuo-spatial working memory deficit of individuals with DS could be due to the request for processing more than one item at a time. The present study examines the possibility of reducing the difficulties encountered by DS individuals on spatial-simultaneous tasks by proposing a task that uses structured material. Method: Two tasks were administered to 20 children and adolescents with DS, and 20 controls matched for verbal mental age. The tasks involved memorising and recalling filled-cell positions in a series of matrices in which an increasing number of cells (1-7) were filled. In the structured condition the filled cells were displayed to form a pattern, whereas in the random condition they were randomly arranged. Results and Conclusions: Results showed that individuals with DS are able to take advantage of structured material for raising their performance, but to a less extent than typically developing children. (Contains 2 figures, 2 tables and 2 footnotes.)
Wiley-Blackwell. 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148. Tel: 800-835-6770; Tel: 781-388-8598; Fax: 781-388-8232; e-mail: cs-journals@wiley.com; Web site: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
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