ERIC Number: EJ977403
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Deaths in the Desert: The Human Rights Crisis on the U.S.--Mexico Border
Androff, David K.; Tavassoli, Kyoko Y.
Social Work, v57 n2 p165-173 Apr 2012
Many would acknowledge that immigration is a major issue in the United States and that immigration reform should be a priority. However, there is little attention to the human rights crisis on the U.S.-Mexican border. As a result of tightened border security since 1994, it is estimated that over 5,000 migrants have died in the Sonoran desert. The criminalization of immigration has resulted in a human rights crisis in three areas: (1) the rise of deaths and injuries of migrants crossing the border in harsh and remote locations, (2) the use of mass hearings to prosecute apprehended migrants, and (3) abuses of migrants in immigration detention. These policies and practices have serious repercussions for the affected vulnerable population. Despite recent legislation designed to discourage undocumented immigration, such as Arizona's Senate Bill 1070, the deterrence strategy has not diminished migration--it has only increased the suffering and deaths of migrants. Humanitarian groups are working to prevent more deaths but also have been targeted for criminalization. The profession's ethics compel social workers to work with humanitarian organizations to prevent more deaths and to advocate for humane immigration reform.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Immigration, Ethics, Undocumented Immigrants, Migrants, Social Work, Civil Rights, National Security, Crime, Death, Law Enforcement, State Legislation, Prevention, Organizations (Groups), Advocacy, Federal Legislation, Public Policy
Oxford University Press. Great Clarendon Street, Oxford, OX2 6DP, UK. Tel: +44-1865-353907; Fax: +44-1865-353485; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://sw.oxfordjournals.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Arizona