ERIC Number: EJ976048
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Predictors and Pathways to Civic Involvement in Emerging Adulthood: Neighborhood, Family, and School Influences
Mahatmya, Duhita; Lohman, Brenda J.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, v41 n9 p1168-1183 Sep 2012
Understanding the developmental precursors to civic involvement in emerging adulthood is important to help cultivate and sustain youth's civic involvement. Guided by Bronfenbrenner's ecological theory of human development and social capital theory, this study examined the pathways that link childhood neighborhood attributes, changes in family and school social capital during adolescence, and civic involvement in emerging adulthood. Three waves of data from the "National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health" (n = 7,209, 54% female, 63% white, 18% African-American, 11% Hispanic) and multi-level models were used to examine the research questions set forth in this study. Findings revealed that increases in family and school social capital during adolescence had direct influences on emerging adult's civic involvement 7 years later. The effect of childhood neighborhood attributes was only weakly mediated by family and school social capital. However, the expression of family and school influences on emerging adult's civic involvement was found to differ by neighborhood groups, gender, and race. These results help to illustrate the importance of examining multi-contextual as well as demographic influences on civic involvement in emerging adulthood. In addition, the results from this study can inform efforts to strengthen the theory of adolescent civic involvement and policies on how to educate youth and communities on civic involvement and its benefits.
Descriptors: Neighborhoods, Citizen Participation, Adolescents, Social Capital, Prediction, Social Theories, Longitudinal Studies, Family Influence, Young Adults, Public Policy
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health