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ERIC Number: EJ975737
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Sep
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 24
ISSN: ISSN-1366-8250
An Evaluation of an Intervention Sequence Outline in Positive Behaviour Support for People with Autism and Severe Escape-Motivated Challenging Behaviour
McClean, Brian; Grey, Ian
Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, v37 n3 p209-220 Sep 2012
Background: Positive behaviour support emphasises the impact of contextual variables to enhance participation, choice, and quality of life. This study evaluates a sequence for implementing changes to key contextual variables for 4 individuals. Interventions were maintained and data collection continued over a 3-year period. Method: Functional assessments were conducted with 4 individuals with exceptionally severe challenging behaviours. Interventions were based on the multi-element model of behavioural support (LaVigna & Willis, 2005a). Dependent variables were behavioural ratings of (1) frequency, (2) episodic severity, (3) episodic management difficulty, and measures of (4) mental health status, and (5) quality of life. The intervention sequence was low arousal environment, rapport building, predictability, functionally equivalent skills teaching, and differential reinforcement strategies. Results: Substantial reductions in target behaviours were observed, along with incremental improvement in mental health scores and quality-of-life scores. Conclusion: The study demonstrates the efficacy of positive behaviour support for people with exceptionally severe behaviour in individually designed services. (Contains 3 figures and 5 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Ireland