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ERIC Number: EJ975691
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
ISSN: ISSN-0026-7902
Working Memory and Short-Term Memory Abilities in Accomplished Multilinguals
Biedron, Adriana; Szczepaniak, Anna
Modern Language Journal, v96 n2 p290-306 Sum 2012
The role of short-term memory and working memory in accomplished multilinguals was investigated. Twenty-eight accomplished multilinguals were compared to 36 mainstream philology students. The following instruments were used in the study: three memory subtests of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale (Digit Span, Digit-Symbol Coding, and Arithmetic, which constitute a memory and resistance to distraction index); two short-term memory tests of the Modern Language Aptitude Test (Part I [Number Learning] and Part V [Paired Associates]); and the verbal Intelligence Quotient (IQ), the nonverbal IQ, the general IQ, and a working memory test, the Polish Reading Span (PRSPAN). The results of the accomplished multilinguals were compared to the results of 1st-year English philology students (mainstream). The analysis revealed that short-term memory and working memory abilities in the accomplished multilinguals were higher than in the mainstream philology students. Results might contribute to the understanding of the controversial role of working memory and short-term memory abilities in accomplished multilinguals. A suggestion that the two components of working memory (the phonological loop and the central executive) are significant factors in determining the outcome of learning a foreign language is discussed. (Contains 2 notes, 4 tables and 6 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Poland
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale