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ERIC Number: EJ975395
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Apr
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 39
ISSN: ISSN-1055-8896
Multimedia Design Principles in the Psychomotor Domain: The Effect of Multimedia and Spatial Contiguity on Students' Learning of Basic Life Support with Task Cards
Iserbyt, Peter; Mols, Liesbet; Elen, Jan; Behets, Daniel
Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, v21 n2 p111-125 Apr 2012
This study adds to the literature by introducing multimedia research in the psychomotor area. In this study, 87 freshman students in pedagogy used task cards to learn Basic Life Support (BLS), a psychomotor skill consisting of nine lifesaving actions to be performed in a specific order. Task cards are printed materials and are often implemented during student-centred learning settings. Based on the cognitive theory of multimedia learning, it was investigated whether the implementation of the principles of multimedia and spatial contiguity on task cards would enhance students' learning of BLS. The multimedia principle states that people learn more deeply from words and images together rather than from words alone. The spatial contiguity principle assumes that learners learn better when words and corresponding images are presented close rather than far from each other on a page. Results in this study show that neither multimedia nor spatial contiguity generated higher learning gains. It was assumed that the low cognitive load of the learning task and the self-paced learning intervention are responsible for this result. For one transfer test, a higher test result was found when the principle of spatial contiguity was applied. (Contains 4 figures.)
Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. P.O. Box 1545, Chesapeake, VA 23327. Tel: 757-366-5606; Fax: 703-997-8760; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Belgium