ERIC Number: EJ975271
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Impact of Education Campaign on Community-Based Vector Control in Hastening the Process of Elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis in Tamil Nadu, South India
Nandha, B.; Krishnamoorthy, K.
Health Education Research, v27 n4 p585-594 Aug 2012
Globally mosquito-borne lymphatic filariasis (LF) is targeted for elimination by 2020. Towards this goal, the scope of community-based vector control as a supplementary strategy to mass drug administration (MDA) was assessed through an intensive education campaign and evaluated using pre- and post-educational surveys in an intervention and comparison village in Tamil Nadu, South India. Environmental and entomological indicators for breeding sites and mosquito density were examined before and after the intervention. Significant ("P" less than 0.05) increase in knowledge was observed in intervention area with regard to transmission and control of LF. Relative change between intervention and comparison villages before and after intervention was also significant ("z" = greater than 1.96). Multiple mosquito control and personal protection methods were in use during the post-intervention assessment and was evident from the significantly ("P" less than 0.05) higher average score. Breeding sources declined significantly ("P" less than 0.05) in the intervention village with a significant relative change ("z" = 4.32). Significant reduction in per man-hour indoor resting density of mosquitoes was observed in the intervention area compared to baseline. The per capita cost for reducing 87% of the mosquito density was $0.32 indicating the effectiveness of community-based approach. The usefulness of this strategy in the elimination of LF is discussed.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Developing Nations, Health Education, Public Health, Program Effectiveness, Surveys, Pretests Posttests, Comparative Analysis, Community Health Services, Community Programs, Disease Control, Prevention, Health Promotion, Intervention, Rural Areas, Entomology, Costs
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: India