ERIC Number: EJ975094
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Montessori Instruction: A Model for Inclusion in Early Childhood Classrooms and beyond
McKenzie, Ginger Kelley; Zascavage, Victoria S.
Montessori Life: A Publication of the American Montessori Society, v24 n1 p32-38 Spr 2012
Maria Montessori was one of the first special educators. In 1898, as an assistant instructor at the University of Rome's Psychiatric Clinic, Montessori visited an asylum for the "insane" and became interested in the children with special needs who were housed there. She noticed that the children were not being stimulated; learning was at a standstill. It is from this juncture that she developed materials and space to educate those once considered "uneducable." From 1898 to 1900, Montessori worked 11 hours a day with the children at Rome's First State Orthophrenic School. During this period, she developed a program specifically designed to teach academic skills, life skills, and social skills to children with special needs. In 1907, inspired by the success at the State Orthophrenic School, Montessori opened her first "Casa dei Bambini" (Children's House) for the children of Rome. Montessori's methodology has developed over the years, but its original three principles remain the same: (1) Teaching academic skills; (2) Teaching life skills; and (3) Modeling social skills. This article investigates whether Montessori teaching, materials, and methods can support an inclusive 21st-century classroom.
Descriptors: Disabilities, Special Education Teachers, Montessori Method, Special Needs Students, Inclusion, Mainstreaming, Young Children, Early Childhood Education, Daily Living Skills, Academic Ability, Interpersonal Competence, Role Models, Teaching Methods, Learning Activities
American Montessori Society. 281 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10010-6102. Tel: 212-358-1250; Fax: 212-358-1256; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.amshq.org/publications.htm
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A