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ERIC Number: EJ973988
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0031-8981
Health-Related Fitness Knowledge and Physical Activity of High School Students
Thompson, Angela; Hannon, James C.
Physical Educator, v69 n1 p71-88 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine if health-related fitness (HRF) knowledge is related to self-reported physical activity (PA) of high school students. Students (N=165) enrolled in physical education from two schools in the Southwestern U.S participated. A 100-point HRF knowledge test was assembled, focusing on the HRF concepts of cardiovascular endurance, muscular-fitness, body-composition, and flexibility, using the question bank from the Fitness-for-Life Teachers CD-ROM. Physical activity was assessed using the Physical Activity Questionnaire for Adolescents (PAQ-A). The PAQ-A includes eight items scored on a five-point scale. The total activity score is the calculated mean of the eight items. One-way ANOVAs reported no significant difference by gender on HRF tests and PAQ-A scores. A Pearson correlation coefficient was generated to examine the strength of relationship between HRF test and PAQ-A scores. There was a moderate positive correlation between HRF test and PAQ-A scores (r(168) = 0.438, p less than 0.001) This means that those who scored higher on the HRF test also tended to report being more physically active. As a secondary analysis students who reported scores rounding to 1-2 on the PAQ-A were categorized as low active (n = 50), scores rounding to 3 as moderately active (n = 73), and scores rounding to 4-5 as high active (n = 44). One-way ANOVA reported significant between group differences (F(2, 166) = 23.36, p less than 0.001). Tukey's post-hoc revealed significant HRF test score differences between the low active and moderately active groups, and low active and high active groups (p's less than 0.001), but not between the moderately active and high active groups (p = 0.352). Students who scored higher on the HRF test also reported higher levels of PA. These findings support the implementation and requirement of conceptually based fitness-for-life courses which may improve HRF knowledge and PA behavior. (Contains 2 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A