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ERIC Number: EJ973952
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 4
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1930-4595
College Students' Usage of Personal Music Players (PMP) during Exercise
Barney, David; Gust, Anita; Liguori, Gary
ICHPER-SD Journal of Research, v7 n1 p23-26 Spr-Sum 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of personal music players (PMPs) during exercise, including their purpose(s), how they affect exercise, and the most common music listened to. A representative sample of 184 undergraduate students from two separate university wellness centers completed a 17-item, content validated questionnaire containing demographic information and questions related to music and exercise preference and music player use. The most popular types of music listened to during exercise were hip hop (27.7%), rock (24%), pop (20.3%), and country (12.7%). The most common modes of exercise while listening to a PMP were free weights (27.2%), treadmill (26%), machine weights (19.6%), and elliptical trainer (17.4%). The most common reasons to listen to a PMP were "to work out harder," (22.4%) "make the exercise seem easier," (21.4%) and "to work out longer" (20.2%). Significantly more participants indicated they would work out more frequently while using a PMP (53.3% yes; 26% no, 21% unsure; X2 33.70, 2, p equal to or less than 0.001). In this sample, music appears to serve as a motivating factor, making exercise more pleasant and seem easier. These results may have positive implications for fitness professionals encouraging new exercisers. (Contains 2 tables and 1 figure.)
International Council for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport, and Dance. 1900 Association Drive, Reston, VA 20191. Tel: 703-476-3462; Fax: 703-476-9527; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A