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ERIC Number: EJ973761
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Feb
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0886-2605
Youth Victimization: School Climate or Deviant Lifestyles?
Zaykowski, Heather; Gunter, Whitney
Journal of Interpersonal Violence, v27 n3 p431-452 Feb 2012
Despite much focus on school violence, there has been little research that explores the relationship between offending and victimization in various school climates. School climate theory suggests that the school's social system, culture, milieu, and ecological structure affect student outcomes including academic performance, delinquency, and more recently, victimization. Hierarchical analysis of data from 5,037 11th-grade students in 33 schools found that offending behavior was the strongest predictor for both minor and more serious forms of victimization. School climate, specifically the social cohesion of schools, reduced serious violent victimization risk. However, school climate did not affect the relationship between offending and victimization, and was not substantially modified when characteristics of the school environment were considered. (Contains 3 tables and 5 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 11; High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Delaware