ERIC Number: EJ973661
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Classroom Norms and Individual Smoking Behavior in Middle School
Yarnell, Lisa M.; Brown, H. Shelton, III; Pasch, Keryn E.; Perry, Cheryl L.; Komro, Kelli A.
American Journal of Health Behavior, v36 n1 p12-19 Jan 2012
Objectives: To investigate whether smoking prevalence in grade-level networks influences individual smoking, suggesting that peers are important social multipliers in teen smoking. Methods: We measured gender-specific, grade-level recent and life-time smoking among urban middle-school students who participated in Project Northland Chicago in a longitudinal cohort design. Results: Within schools, grade-level recent smoking had comparable effects on girls' and boys' individual-level smoking. Grade-level lifetime smoking had a greater effect on girls' smoking. Conclusion: Interventions can target middle school classes and schools broadly, without making the identification of friendship networks a concern.
Descriptors: Smoking, Females, Friendship, Middle School Students, Peer Influence, Gender Differences, Age Differences, Urban Schools, Longitudinal Studies, Males, Social Influences
PNG Publications. 9728 Evening Bird Lane, Laurel, MD 20723. Tel: 301-725-4644; Fax: 301-725-4644; Web site: http://www.ajhb.org/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Middle Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Illinois