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ERIC Number: EJ973193
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 2
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0148-432X
Juvenile Confinement in Context
Mendel, Richard A.
American Educator, v36 n2 p6-7 Sum 2012
For more than a century, the predominant strategy for the treatment and punishment of serious and sometimes not-so-serious juvenile offenders in the United States has been placement into large juvenile corrections institutions, alternatively known as training schools, reformatories, or youth corrections centers. America's heavy reliance on juvenile incarceration is unique among the world's developed nations. State juvenile corrections systems in the United States confine youth in many types of facilities, including group homes, residential treatment centers, boot camps, wilderness programs, or county-run youth facilities (some of them locked, others secured only through staff supervision). However, an avalanche of research has emerged over the past three decades about what works and does not work in combating juvenile crime. "No Place for Kids: The Case for Reducing Juvenile Incarceration," the report from which this article is drawn, provides a detailed review of this research and concludes that there is an overwhelming evidence showing that wholesale incarceration of juvenile offenders is a counterproductive public policy. Many studies find that incarceration actually increases recidivism among youth with lower-risk profiles and less-serious offending histories. In this article, the author posits that the time has come for states to embrace a fundamentally different orientation to treating adolescent offenders--an approach grounded in evidence that promises to be far more humane, cost-effective, and protective of public safety than the timeworn and counterproductive reliance on juvenile incarceration. (Contains 1 figure and 7 endnotes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States