ERIC Number: EJ972580
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 42
Do ICT Competences Support Educational Attainment at University?
De Wit, Kurt; Heerwegh, Dirk; Verhoeven, Jef C.
Journal of Information Technology Education: Research, v11 p1-25 2012
Taking into account that universities assume students will have at least some basic knowledge of the use of computers and the Internet, we hypothesize that the command of ICT skills by freshmen could have an influence on their educational attainment. To test this hypothesis an online questionnaire was used, which was answered by a representative sample of 1,529 freshmen studying at a large university. Two explanatory models were developed. First, using regression analysis the predictive power of the academic pathways model for the educational attainment of freshmen was tested. Second, the personal knowledge management model was developed in order to discover whether ICT competences contribute to the prediction of educational attainment and, if so, to what extent. Educational attainment was measured in terms of persistence of study choice at the end of the academic year, attained study efficiency at the end of the academic year, and GPA (Grade Point Average) at the end of the academic year. Three types of ICT skills were included in the second model: ICT social contact skills, basic ICT skills, and maintenance skills. Four factors are very powerful in predicting a student's educational attainment: the GPA in secondary school, the number of hours spent weekly on the study of maths in secondary school, the study of classical languages in secondary school, and any ambivalent feelings about the chosen study subject. Contrary to our expectations, ICT social contact skills and basic ICT skills do not provide a better prediction of educational attainment, whereas maintenance skills do; however, the latter predict a lower attainment. (Contains 1 figure and 3 tables.)
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Knowledge Management, Grade Point Average, Educational Attainment, Prediction, Classical Languages, Secondary School Mathematics, College Freshmen, Competence, Academic Persistence, Study Habits, Interpersonal Competence, Educational Background, Information Technology, Computer Literacy, Internet, Computer Mediated Communication, Influence of Technology, Questionnaires, Statistical Analysis, Predictor Variables, Correlation, Student Attitudes
Informing Science Institute. 131 Brookhill Court, Santa Rosa, CA 95409. Tel: 707-531-4925; Fax: 480-247-5724; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.informingscience.us/icarus/journals/jiteresearch
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Belgium