NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ972501
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Aug
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0016-9013
Allowing Spouses to Be Paid Personal Care Providers: Spouse Availability and Effects on Medicaid-Funded Service Use and Expenditures
Newcomer, Robert J.; Kang, Taewoon; Doty, Pamela
Gerontologist, v52 n4 p517-530 Aug 2012
Purpose of the Study: Medicaid service use and expenditure and quality of care outcomes in California's personal care program known as In-Home Supportive Service (IHSS) are described. Analyses investigated Medicaid expenditures, hospital use, and nursing home stays, comparing recipients who have paid spouse caregivers with those having other relatives or unrelated individuals as their caregivers. Design and Methods: Medicaid claims and IHSS assessment data for calendar year 2005 were linked for IHSS recipients aged 18 years or older (n = 386,447). Results: The rates of ambulatory care-sensitive hospital admissions and Medicaid-covered nursing home placements were at least comparable among IHSS recipients' with spouse, parent, other relative, or nonrelative caregivers. Statistically significant differences reflected more desirable outcomes for those with relatives as paid caregivers. In no comparisons did those with spouse providers have worse outcomes than those with nonrelative providers. Average monthly Medicaid expenditures for all services were also lower for IHSS recipients with family provider. Implications: There were no financial disadvantages and some advantages to Medicaid in terms of lower average Medicaid expenditures and fewer nursing home admissions when using spouses, parents, and other relatives as paid IHSS providers. This argues in favor of honoring the recipient's and family's preference for such providers.
Oxford University Press. Great Clarendon Street, Oxford, OX2 6DP, UK. Tel: +44-1865-353907; Fax: +44-1865-353485; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California