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ERIC Number: EJ972070
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jul
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 47
ISSN: ISSN-0272-930X
Vulnerable Children in Varying Classroom Contexts: Bystanders' Behaviors Moderate the Effects of Risk Factors on Victimization
Karna, Antti; Voeten, Marinus; Poskiparta, Elisa; Salmivalli, Christina
Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, v56 n3 Article 4 p261-282 Jul 2010
We examined whether the bystanders' behaviors in bullying situations influence vulnerable students' risk for victimization. The sample consisted of 6,980 primary school children from Grades 3-5, who were nested within 378 classrooms in 77 schools. These students filled out Internet-based questionnaires in their schools' computer labs. The results from multilevel models indicated that the associations between victimization and its two risk factors--social anxiety and peer rejection--were strongest in classrooms that were high in reinforcing bullying and low in defending the victims. This suggests that bystanders' behaviors in bullying situations moderate the effects of individual and interpersonal risk factors for victimization. Influencing these behaviors might be an effective way to protect vulnerable children from victimization. (Contains 6 tables and 4 figures.)
Wayne State University Press. The Leonard N. Simons Building, 4809 Woodward Avenue, Detroit, MI 48201-1309. Tel: 800-978-7323; Fax: 313-577-6131; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 3; Grade 4; Grade 5; Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Finland