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ERIC Number: EJ971833
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Jun
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1041-6080
Using More than 10% of Our Brains: Examining Belief in Science-Related Myths from an Individual Differences Perspective
Swami, Viren; Stieger, Stefan; Pietschnig, Jakob; Nader, Ingo W.; Voracek, Martin
Learning and Individual Differences, v22 n3 p404-408 Jun 2012
There currently exists a dearth of research on the transmission and assimilation of myths. To overcome this limitation, we developed a novel scale that measures belief in science-related myths. A total of 363 participants completed this new scale along with measures of personality (the Big Five factors), anti-scientific attitudes, and New Age orientation. Exploratory factor analysis showed that the items of the belief in myths scale could be reduced to two factors concerning human-related and non-human-related myths. Both factors were internally reliable, were moderately inter-correlated, and were not rated significantly differently by women and men (although human-related myths were rated as significantly more believable than non-human-related myths). Further analysis showed that only human myths were significantly predicted by anti-scientific attitudes and the Big Five factor of Extraversion. These results are discussed in relation to the promotion of scientific literacy. (Contains 2 tables.)
Elsevier. 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887-4800. Tel: 877-839-7126; Tel: 407-345-4020; Fax: 407-363-1354; e-mail: usjcs@elsevier.com; Web site: http://www.elsevier.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: NEO Five Factor Inventory