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ERIC Number: EJ970930
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Oct
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0959-4752
The Verbal Facilitation Effect in Learning to Tie Nautical Knots
Huff, Markus; Schwan, Stephan
Learning and Instruction, v22 n5 p376-385 Oct 2012
Motor skills are often demonstrated with a combination of verbal information and video demonstration. In this study, participants learned to tie nautical knots with a video clip demonstrating the motor task preceded by a descriptive or a metaphorical, picture-like verbalization. In a control condition participants learned the knots with a video demonstration only. We expected the verbalization to guide participants' attention while watching the video demonstration. Thus, we hypothesized higher performance in the verbalization-conditions compared to the control condition ("general verbal facilitation effect"). Further, as the metaphorical verbalizations provide mental cues (e.g., rhymes) we expected higher performance in the metaphorical verbalization-condition than in the descriptive verbalization-condition ("specific verbal facilitation effect"). Behavioral measures immediately after learning and two days after initial learning showed a general and a specific verbal facilitation effect. We discuss these results with respect to recent findings in multimedia research. (Contains 4 tables and 2 figures.)
Elsevier. 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887-4800. Tel: 877-839-7126; Tel: 407-345-4020; Fax: 407-363-1354; e-mail: usjcs@elsevier.com; Web site: http://www.elsevier.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A