ERIC Number: EJ970215
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Longitudinal Assessment of Intellectual Abilities of Children with Williams Syndrome: Multilevel Modeling of Performance on the Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test--Second Edition
Mervis, Carolyn B.; Kistler, Doris J.; John, Angela E.; Morris, Colleen A.
American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, v117 n2 p134-155 Mar 2012
Multilevel modeling was used to address the longitudinal stability of standard scores (SSs) measuring intellectual ability for children with Williams syndrome (WS). Participants were 40 children with genetically confirmed WS who completed the Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test--Second Edition (KBIT-2; A. S. Kaufman & N. L. Kaufman, 2004) 4-7 times over a mean of 5.06 years. Mean age at first assessment was 7.44 years (range = 4.00-13.97 years). On average, KBIT-2 Composite IQ, Verbal SS, and Nonverbal SS were stable from 4 to 17 years, although there were significant individual differences in intercept (Composite IQ, Verbal SS, Nonverbal SS) and slope (Composite IQ, Nonverbal SS). Maternal education was significantly related to Verbal SS intercept. No significant sex differences were found. Implications for studies of genotype/phenotype correlations in WS are discussed.
Descriptors: Congenital Impairments, Genetic Disorders, Mental Retardation, Intelligence Quotient, Children, Longitudinal Studies, Intelligence Tests, Scores, Individual Differences, Mothers, Parent Background, Educational Attainment, Gender Differences
American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. P.O. Box 1897, Lawrence, KS 66044-1897. Tel: 785-843-1235; Fax: 785-843-1274; e-mail: AJMR@allenpress.com; Web site: http://aaidd.allenpress.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test