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ERIC Number: EJ969487
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 33
ISSN: ISSN-0169-0965
Graphemic Cohesion Effect in Reading and Writing Complex Graphemes
Spinelli, Elsa; Kandel, Sonia; Guerassimovitch, Helena; Ferrand, Ludovic
Language and Cognitive Processes, v27 n5 p770-791 2012
"AU" /o/ and "AN" /a/ in French are both complex graphemes, but they vary in their strength of association to their respective sounds. The letter sequence "AU" is systematically associated to the phoneme /o/, and as such is always parsed as a complex grapheme. However, "AN" can be associated with either one phoneme (/a/ in e.g., "CRAN" /kRa/ "notch") and be parsed as a complex grapheme; or with two phonemes (/an/ in e.g., "CANE" /kan/ "duck"), thus being parsed as two simple graphemes. As a consequence, "AU" would be a more cohesive grapheme than "AN", for which there is a parsing ambiguity. We examined whether the reading and writing systems take into account this potential parsing ambiguity due to the graphemes' degree of cohesion when processing complex graphemes. Experiment 1 consisted of a letter detection task. The participants had to detect, for example A in strongly cohesive complex graphemes (e.g., "AU" /o/) or weakly cohesive complex graphemes (e.g., "AN" /a/). A was detected faster in weakly cohesive complex graphemes than in strongly cohesive ones. In a handwriting task (Experiment 2) we found that weakly cohesive complex graphemes (e.g., "ON") yielded longer programming times than strongly cohesive ones (e.g., "OU"), suggesting that the handwriting system also takes into account the potential decomposability of the complex graphemes into either one (ON /[yogh]/) or two (O+N /on/) units. Overall, our results show an effect of parsing ambiguity due to graphemic cohesion of complex graphemes; these results should be accounted for by current models of written word processing and spelling. (Contains 1 figure and 1 table.)
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: France