ERIC Number: EJ969364
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 14
Linking Item Parameters to a Base Scale
Kang, Taehoon; Petersen, Nancy S.
Asia Pacific Education Review, v13 n2 p311-321 Jun 2012
This paper compares three methods of item calibration--concurrent calibration, separate calibration with linking, and fixed item parameter calibration--that are frequently used for linking item parameters to a base scale. Concurrent and separate calibrations were implemented using BILOG-MG. The Stocking and Lord in "Appl Psychol Measure" 7:201-210, (1983) characteristic curve method of parameter linking was used in conjunction with separate calibration. The fixed item parameter calibration (FIPC) method was implemented using both BILOG-MG and PARSCALE because the method is carried out differently by the two programs. Both programs use multiple EM cycles, but BILOG-MG does not update the prior ability distribution during FIPC calibration, whereas PARSCALE updates the prior ability distribution multiple times. The methods were compared using simulations based on actual testing program data, and results were evaluated in terms of recovery of the underlying ability distributions, the item characteristic curves, and the test characteristic curves. Factors manipulated in the simulations were sample size, ability distributions, and numbers of common (or fixed) items. The results for concurrent calibration and separate calibration with linking were comparable, and both methods showed good recovery results for all conditions. Between the two fixed item parameter calibration procedures, only the appropriate use of PARSCALE consistently provided item parameter linking results similar to those of the other two methods.
Descriptors: Methods, Comparative Analysis, Test Items, Item Response Theory, Simulation, Sample Size, Ability
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A