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ERIC Number: EJ968616
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Jan-1
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 13
ISSN: ISSN-1099-839X
The Effects of Background Music on Learning Disabled Elementary School Students' Performance in Writing
Legutko, Robert S.; Trissler, Theodore T.
Current Issues in Education, v15 n1 Jan 2012
This study investigated effects of background music on writing performance of nine 6th grade students with learning disabilities at one suburban public elementary school in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States. A single-subject A-B-A design was utilized, and results from graded writing prompts with and without background music over 21 weeks were compared. Group Mean gain was higher in the music (treatment) phase than in the final phase (returning to baseline), indicating that background music improved writing ability of students with learning disabilities overall. Scores dropped instantly and markedly in the first weeks that music was added and removed, indicating that consistency in routine may be more essential to academic performance for students with learning disabilities than the presence or absence of background music. (Contains 5 tables and 1 figure.)
Arizona State University, Mary Lou Fulton Institute and Graduate School of Education. Deans Office, P.O. Box 870211 Payne 108, Tempe, AZ 85287. Tel: 480-965-3306; Fax: 480-965-6231; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 6
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States