ERIC Number: EJ968479
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 48
Restriction on Restraints in the Care for People with Intellectual Disabilities in the Netherlands: Lessons Learned from Australia, UK, and United States
Romijn, Anita; Frederiks, Brenda J. M.
Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, v9 n2 p127-133 Jun 2012
In the Netherlands, physical/mechanical restraints in the care provided to people with intellectual disabilities are still in use, with the case of "Brandon" being a recent and illustrative example. The public debate that this case triggered raised questions concerning the policy proposal in the Care and Coercion Bill ("Wetsvoorstel Zorg en dwang") and efforts to reduce the use of restraints. Thus, the authors undertook an inventory of government legislation and institutional regulations in order to obtain an insight into practices applying in other countries and to provide recommendations for developing policy on reducing the use of restraints in the care of people with intellectual disabilities in the Netherlands. Using a literature study, they observed that although the use of restraints in the care for people with intellectual disabilities is internationally regulated by the criterion of "ultimum remedium", policy is clearly not always in line with practice. Various studies of best practices have identified some common elements in seeking to limit restrictive interventions, including strong leadership in care facilities based on national policy, trained staff, a strict monitoring system, and changes in attitudes on the use of restraints, with restraints being identified as treatment failure. The authors noted that the use of restraints, and efforts to reduce their use, is a dilemma internationally. In the Netherlands, the public debate on the use of restraints has not so far led to any significant political action. While decisions on a new legal framework still have to be made, it would be advisable to include a section on jurisdiction in the policy framework and to ratify the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, which has many implications for both policy and practice. In the meantime, care facilities can start working on implementation plans, including the best practices described in this study.
Descriptors: Mental Retardation, Foreign Countries, Discipline, Behavior Problems, Legislation, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, Policy Formation, Literature Reviews, Residential Care, Federal Regulation, State Regulation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia; Netherlands; United Kingdom; United States