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ERIC Number: EJ967129
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Dec
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0714-9808
Impact of Age, and Cognitive and Coping Resources on Coping
Trouillet, Raphael; Doan-Van-Hay, Loane-Martine; Launay, Michel; Martin, Sophie
Canadian Journal on Aging, v30 n4 p541-550 Dec 2011
To explore the predictive value of cognitive and coping resources for problem- and emotion-focused coping with age, we collected data from community-dwelling adults between 20 and 90 years old. We hypothesized that age, perceived stress, self-efficacy, working-memory capacity, and mental flexibility were predictors of coping. We collected data using French versions of the Perceived Stress Scale, General Self-Efficacy Scale, and Way of Coping Checklist. Cognitive assessments comprised the WAIS III digit-span subtest and the Trail Making Test parts A and B. In multivariate analyses, neither working-memory nor mental-flexibility deficit predicted problem-focused coping. "Age" was found to predict only problem-focused coping. "Self-efficacy" predicted problem-focused coping, and "perceived stress" predicted emotion-focused coping. Our results confirmed that use of an emotion-focused coping style would not significantly change with age. Problem-focused coping increases with age and depends primarily on participants' confidence in their ability to successfully solve problems (i.e., self-efficacy).
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Trail Making Test; Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale