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ERIC Number: EJ966219
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Feb
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0363-0234
A Closer Look at Self-Reported Suicide Attempts: False Positives and False Negatives
Ploderl, Martin; Kralovec, Karl; Yazdi, Kurosch; Fartacek, Reinhold
Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, v41 n1 p1-5 Feb 2011
The validity of self-reported suicide attempt information is undermined by false positives (e.g., incidences without intent to die), or by unreported suicide attempts, referred to as false negatives. In a sample of 1,385 Austrian adults, we explored the occurrence of false positives and false negatives with detailed, probing questions. Removing false positives decreased the rate of suicide attempters from 4.3% to 2.7%. Probing questions also revealed 0.8% false negatives. We recommend using probing questions with both those who report a suicide attempt and those who do not report a suicide attempt to increase the validity of self-reported suicide-related information.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Austria