ERIC Number: EJ965699
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Cognitive Ability, Academic Achievement and Academic Self-Concept: Extending the Internal/External Frame of Reference Model
Chen, Ssu-Kuang; Hwang, Fang-Ming; Yeh, Yu-Chen; Lin, Sunny S. J.
British Journal of Educational Psychology, v82 n2 p308-326 Jun 2012
Background: Marsh's internal/external (I/E) frame of reference model depicts the relationship between achievement and self-concept in specific academic domains. Few efforts have been made to examine concurrent relationships among cognitive ability, achievement, and academic self-concept (ASC) within an I/E model framework. Aim: To simultaneously examine the influences of domain-specific cognitive ability and grades on domain self-concept in an extended I/E model, including the indirect effect of domain-specific cognitive ability on domain self-concept via grades. Sample: Tenth grade respondents (628 male, 452 female) to a national adolescent survey conducted in Taiwan. Method: Respondents completed surveys designed to measure maths and verbal aptitudes. Data on Maths and Chinese class grades and self-concepts were also collected. Results: Statistically significant and positive path coefficients were found between cognitive ability and self-concept in the same domain (direct effect) and between these two constructs via grades (indirect effect). The cross-domain effects of either ability or grades on ASC were negatively significant. Conclusions: Taiwanese 10th graders tend to evaluate their ASCs based on a mix of ability and achievement, with achievement as a mediator exceeding ability as a predictor. In addition, the cross-domain effects suggest that Taiwanese students are likely to view Maths and verbal abilities and achievements as distinctly different.
Descriptors: Grades (Scholastic), Self Concept, Academic Achievement, Foreign Countries, Verbal Ability, Grade 10, Cognitive Ability, Correlation, Models, Surveys, Mathematics Skills, Student Attitudes
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 10
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Taiwan