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ERIC Number: EJ965211
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Jan
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 56
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
Retrieval-Induced Forgetting of Arithmetic Facts
Campbell, Jamie I. D.; Thompson, Valerie A.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v38 n1 p118-129 Jan 2012
Retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF) is a widely studied phenomenon of human memory, but RIF of arithmetic facts remains relatively unexplored. In 2 experiments, we investigated RIF of simple addition facts (2 + 3 = 5) from practice of their multiplication counterparts (2 x 3 = 6). In both experiments, robust RIF expressed in response times occurred only for high-strength small-number addition facts with sums less than or equal to 10, indicating that RIF from multiplication practice was interference dependent. RIF of addition-fact memory was produced by multiplication retrieval (2 x 3 = ?) but not multiplication study (2 x 3 = 6), supporting an inhibitory mechanism of RIF in arithmetic memory. Finally, RIF occurred with multiplication practiced in word format (three x four) and addition tested later in digit format (3 + 4), which provides evidence that digit and written-word formats for arithmetic accessed a common semantic retrieval network. The results support the view that addition and multiplication facts are stored in an interrelated semantic network and that RIF of competing addition facts is an intrinsic process of multiplication fact retrieval. (Contains 1 footnote, 3 tables, and 4 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada