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ERIC Number: EJ965027
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Feb
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0096-1523
Parafoveal Processing of Transposed-Letter Words and Nonwords: Evidence against Parafoveal Lexical Activation
Johnson, Rebecca L.; Dunne, Maxine D.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, v38 n1 p191-212 Feb 2012
The current experiments explored the parafoveal processing of transposed-letter (TL) neighbors by using an eye-movement-contingent boundary change paradigm. In Experiment 1 readers received a parafoveal preview of a target word (e.g., "calm") that was either (1) identical to the target word ("calm"), (2) a TL-neighbor ("clam"), or (3) a substituted-letter (SL) nonword ("chem"). In Experiment 2 a further set of parafoveal preview conditions was explored including (4) an SL-word condition ("chum") and (5) a TL-nonword condition ("caml"). Across both experiments, readers' fixation durations on the target words were significantly longer when the previews were SL previews than when they were TL neighbors, suggesting that TL neighbors (when presented in the parafovea) facilitate processing rather than inhibit processing. Experiments 3 and 4 showed that this is in contrast to the inhibitory effects that are seen when TL neighbor previews appear in the fovea. (Contains 7 tables, 1 figure and 5 footnotes.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A