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ERIC Number: EJ965009
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Jun
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0016-9013
Social Capital and Health Outcomes among Older Adults in China: The Urban-Rural Dimension
Norstrand, Julie A.; Xu, Qingwen
Gerontologist, v52 n3 p325-334 Jun 2012
Purpose: This study examines different types of individual-level social capital (bonding, bridging, and linking) and their relationships with physical and emotional health among older Chinese living in urban and rural settings. Design and Methods: Using the 2005 China General Social Survey, physical and emotional health were regressed on social capital controlling for sociodemographic variables by urban and rural Chinese aged 65 years and older. Results: Bonding social capital was significantly associated with physical and emotional health (beta = 0.14; p less than 0.001 and beta = 0.11; p less than 0.01, respectively), and linking social capital was significantly associated with physical health (beta = 0.11; p less than 0.01) among the urban older Chinese. No significant associations between social capital measures and health were found among rural elders. Implications: The relationship between social capital and health outcomes should take into account geographical setting. Efforts to increase social capital in the hope of decreasing health disparity might be inadequate without eliminating China's unique rural-urban distinction in distributing economic and social resources. Further conceptualization of social capital may be required for the Eastern context.
Oxford University Press. Great Clarendon Street, Oxford, OX2 6DP, UK. Tel: +44-1865-353907; Fax: +44-1865-353485; e-mail: jnls.cust.serv@oxfordjournals.org; Web site: http://gerontologist.oxfordjournals.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: General Social Survey