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ERIC Number: EJ964996
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Jun
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 26
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1366-8250
Client Factors as Predictors of Restraint and Seclusion in People with Intellectual Disability
Scheirs, Jan G. M.; Blok, Jan B.; Tolhoek, Myrte A.; El Aouat, Fadoua; Glimmerveen, Johanna C.
Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, v37 n2 p112-120 Jun 2012
Background: To gain more insight into the antecedent factors of restraint in institutionalised people with intellectual disability (ID), the role played by several demographic and psychological client variables was investigated. Methods: The data of 475 people (age range 12-95 years) who were residents in a Dutch institution for people with ID were collected. The severity of restraint was rated on an ordinal scale. Results: None of the demographic variables height, weight, age, or length of stay were related to the application of restraint. Significant predictors were the psychological variables: low adaptive functioning, the presence of challenging behaviours, and a relatively high intellectual level. Of the challenging behaviours, specifically behaviours other than actual aggressiveness proved to be predictors of restraint. Conclusions: The fact that actual aggressiveness plays a minor role in predicting restraint is a new finding and should be further examined in future research. (Contains 4 tables.)
Informa Healthcare. Telephone House, 69-77 Paul Street, London, EC2A 4LQ, UK. Tel: 800-354-1420; e-mail: healthcare.enquiries@informa.com; Web site: http://informahealthcare.com/action/showJournals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands