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ERIC Number: EJ964388
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Aug
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0959-4752
Overconfidence Produces Underachievement: Inaccurate Self Evaluations Undermine Students' Learning and Retention
Dunlosky, John; Rawson, Katherine A.
Learning and Instruction, v22 n4 p271-280 Aug 2012
The function of accurately monitoring one's own learning is to support effective control of study that enhances learning. Although this link between monitoring accuracy and learning is intuitively plausible and is assumed by general theories of self-regulated learning, it has not received a great deal of empirical scrutiny and no study to date has examined the link between monitoring accuracy and longer-term retention. Across two studies, college students paced their study of key-term definitions (e.g., "Proactive interference: Information already stored in memory interferes with the learning of new information"). After all definitions were studied, participants completed practice cued recall tests (e.g., "What is proactive interference?") in which they attempted to type the correct definition for each term. After each test trial, participants judged how much of their response was correct. These study-test-judgment trials continued until a definition was judged as correct three times. A final cued recall test occurred two days later. In Study 1, judgment accuracy was manipulated experimentally, and in Study 2, individual differences in accuracy were examined. In both studies, greater accuracy was associated with higher levels of retention, and this link could not be explained by differential feedback, effort during study, or trials to criterion. Results indicate that many students could benefit from interventions aimed at improving their skill at judging their learning. (Contains 3 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Funded: Yes
IES Grant or Contract Numbers: R305A080316