ERIC Number: EJ964013
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 73
Mapping Educational Opportunity Zones: A Geospatial Analysis of Neighborhood Block Groups
Miller, Peter M.
Urban Review: Issues and Ideas in Public Education, v44 n2 p189-218 Jun 2012
The author uses geospatial analysis to examine the "educational opportunity spaces" of two adjacent urban neighborhoods in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Organizing insights are gathered from Bronfenbrenner's (1979) ecological perspectives on human development, which posit that students are significantly impacted by multiple environmental systems--including their immediate family and school surroundings and several other mutually affective layers of systems. The author suggests that while school and district-based reform initiatives targeting "within school factors" clearly have direct and significant relevance on student performance, neighborhood and community factors are also worthy of consideration. Based on analyses of multiple block-level data, several recommendations are made toward the further integration of school and community-based practice.
Descriptors: Neighborhoods, Academic Achievement, Educational Opportunities, Urban Areas, Family Environment, Educational Environment, Community Characteristics, Educational Change, Educational Practices
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania