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ERIC Number: EJ963668
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Dec
Pages: 29
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 76
ISSN: ISSN-1093-023X
Metacognitive Prompts and Mental Multiplication: Analyzing Strategies with a Qualitative Lens
Hoffman, Bobby; Spatariu, Alexandru
Journal of Interactive Learning Research, v22 n4 p607-635 Dec 2011
A grounded theory approach was employed to explore the variation in strategies used by students when solving mental multiplication problems. Metacognitive prompts, externally generated stimuli that activate thoughtful cognition, were automatically generated via computer during the solving of mental multiplication problems to elicit awareness, understanding, and reflection of problem-solving strategies. Students' responses to the prompts were analyzed and indicated students envisioned, evaluated, and tested various strategies when solving mathematics problems. Qualitative analysis was used to develop a metacognitive prompting model of problem solving consisting of conceptual, procedural, and behavioral-based strategies. Our findings suggested that the judicious use of metacognitive prompting may be a catalyst to help encourage students to use reflective cognition. Implications for instruction, limitations, and suggestions for the use of metacognitive prompting are discussed. (Contains 1 table and 7 figures.)
Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. P.O. Box 1545, Chesapeake, VA 23327. Tel: 757-366-5606; Fax: 703-997-8760; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A