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ERIC Number: EJ962978
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 30
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 74
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1048-9223
Testing for OO-Faithfulness in the Acquisition of Consonant Clusters
Tessier, Anne-Michelle
Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, v19 n2 p144-173 2012
This article provides experimental evidence for the claim in Hayes (2004) and McCarthy (1998) that language learners are biased to assume that morphological paradigms should be phonologically-uniform--that is, that derived words should retain all the phonological properties of their bases. The evidence comes from an artificial language word-learning paradigm, in which children learned novel objects names such as "wutch" and a plural suffix -"del" in an alien language and then were asked to produce alien words with difficult coda-onset clusters, some of which straddled the singular +"del" suffix boundary. The results suggest that 4-year-olds who are acquiring novel consonant clusters are preferentially faithful to the base segments in a derived word, e.g. "wutch" in plural "wutchdel." The article interprets these results from the perspective of Optimality Theory (Prince & Smolensky 2004; Tesar & Smolensky 2000), using Output-Output Faithfulness constraints (Benua 2000) to understand the asymmetries in the observed phonologies of derived and underived test items. (Contains 2 figures, 23 tables, and 31 footnotes.)
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Massachusetts