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ERIC Number: EJ962297
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Apr
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 33
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0269-9206
Tracking Voice Change after Thyroidectomy: Application of Spectral/Cepstral Analyses
Awan, Shaheen N.; Helou, Leah B.; Stojadinovic, Alexander; Solomon, Nancy Pearl
Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, v25 n4 p302-320 Apr 2011
This study evaluates the utility of perioperative spectral and cepstral acoustic analyses to monitor voice change after thyroidectomy. Perceptual and acoustic analyses were conducted on speech samples (sustained vowel /[alpha]/ and CAPE-V sentences) provided by 70 participants (36 women and 34 men) at four study time points: prior to thyroid surgery and 2 weeks, 3 months and 6 months after thyroidectomy. Repeated measures analyses of variance focused on the relative amplitude of the dominant harmonic in the voice signal (cepstral peak prominence, CPP), the ratio of low-to-high spectral energy, and their respective standard deviations (SD). Data were also examined for relationships between acoustic measures and perceptual ratings of overall severity of voice quality. Results showed that perceived overall severity and the acoustic measures of the CPP and its SD (CPPsd) computed from sentence productions were significantly reduced at 2-week post-thyroidectomy for 20 patients (29% of the sample) who had self-reported post-operative voice change. For this same group of patients, the CPP and CPPsd computed from sentence productions improved significantly from 2-weeks post-thyroidectomy to 6-months post-surgery. CPP and CPPsd also correlated well with perceived overall severity (r = -0.68 and -0.79, respectively). Measures of CPP from sustained vowel productions were not as effective as those from sentence productions in reflecting voice deterioration in the post-thyroidectomy patients at the 2-week post-surgery time period, were weaker correlates with perceived overall severity, and were not as effective in discriminating negative voice outcome (NegVO) from normal voice outcome (NormVO) patients as compared to the results from the sentence-level stimuli. Results indicate that spectral/cepstral analysis methods can be used with continuous speech samples to provide important objective data to document the effects of dysphonia in a post-thyroidectomy patient sample. When used in conjunction with patient's self-report and other general measures of vocal dysfunction, the acoustic measures employed in this study contribute to a complete profile of the patient's vocal condition. (Contains 1 note, 2 tables and 7 figures.)
Informa Healthcare. Telephone House, 69-77 Paul Street, London,EC2A 4LQ,UK. Tel: 800-354-1420; e-mail: healthcare.enquiries@informa.com; Web site: http://informahealthcare.com/action/showJournals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: District of Columbia; Pennsylvania