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ERIC Number: EJ962285
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Feb
Pages: 24
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 61
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0269-9206
Vowel Confusion Patterns in Adults during Initial 4 Years of Implant Use
Vaalimaa, Taina T.; Sorri, Martti J.; Laitakari, Jaakko; Sivonen, Ville; Muhli, Arto
Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, v25 n2 p121-144 Feb 2011
This study investigated adult cochlear implant users' (n == 39) vowel recognition and confusions by an open-set syllable test during 4 years of implant use, in a prospective repeated-measures design. Subjects' responses were coded for phoneme errors and estimated by the generalized mixed model. Improvement in overall vowel recognition was highest during the first 6 months, showing statistically significant change until 4 years, especially for the mediocre performers. The best performers improved statistically significantly until 18 months. The poorest performers improved until 12 months and exhibited more vowel confusions. No differences were found in overall vowel recognition between Nucleus24M/24R and Med-ElC40++ device users (matched comparison), but certain vowels showed statistically significant differences. Vowel confusions between adjacent vowels were evident, probably due to the implant users' inability to discriminate formant frequencies. Vowel confusions were also dominated by vowels whose average F1 and/or F2 frequencies were higher than the target vowel, indicating a basalward shift in the confusions. (Contains 2 tables and 9 figures.)
Informa Healthcare. Telephone House, 69-77 Paul Street, London,EC2A 4LQ,UK. Tel: 800-354-1420; e-mail: healthcare.enquiries@informa.com; Web site: http://informahealthcare.com/action/showJournals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Finland