ERIC Number: EJ961256
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Processing Speed and Intelligence as Predictors of School Achievement: Mediation or Unique Contribution?
Dodonova, Yulia A.; Dodonov, Yury S.
Intelligence, v40 n2 p163-171 Mar-Apr 2012
The relationships between processing speed, intelligence, and school achievement were analyzed on a sample of 184 Russian 16-year-old students. Two speeded tasks required the discrimination of simple geometrical shapes and the recognition of the presented meaningless figures. Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices and the verbal subtests of Amthauer's Intelligence Structure Test were used as intelligence scales. The teacher-assigned grades in six school subjects that were aggregated into two scales represented real-life school achievement. Latent processing speed and intelligence as individual predictors each accounted for about 18% of the variability in scholastic performance. Taken together, they explained about 28% of the variance of school achievement. Although significantly correlated, each had a unique impact on school achievement; zero-constraining each of the two paths to school achievement resulted in a significantly worsened fit of a model. A mediation effect "processing speed" [right arrow] "intelligence" [right arrow] "school achievement" was bootstrapped to obtain an estimate of its statistical significance and was found to be non-distinguishable from zero. The results are inconsistent with the causal hypothesis that states that processing speed is a predictor of real-life scholastic performance because of the impact of processing speed on higher-order cognitive ability, which in turn underlies school achievement. (Contains 2 tables and 2 figures.)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Intelligence, Academic Achievement, Adolescents, Predictor Variables, Visual Discrimination, Recognition (Psychology), Intelligence Tests, Verbal Tests, Statistical Significance, Cognitive Ability, Correlation, Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Russia
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Raven Advanced Progressive Matrices