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ERIC Number: EJ960968
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Feb
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 31
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0899-9546
Acceptability of HIV/AIDS Counseling and Testing among Premarital Couples in China
Wu, Zunyou; Rou, Keming; Xu, Chen; Lou, Wei; Detels, Roger
AIDS Education and Prevention, v17 n1 p12-21 Feb 2005
Premarital counseling is required for couples wishing to be married in China. The counseling primarily provides information about contraception. We evaluated adding premarital HIV/AIDS counseling and voluntary HIV testing to the standard counseling. The test was offered free to one group and at the standard cost to the other. The proportion of those accepting HIV testing among all participants receiving premarital counseling was used as a measure of acceptability. Sixteen percent of participants not charged chose to accept testing versus 1.4% of those charged (p less than 0.001). Lack of HIV/AIDS knowledge and charging for the test were correlated with refusal. Over 5% of participants admitted to premarital sex, most with their fiancee, and a significantly higher portion was female. Only 22% used condoms. Study participants were randomized for 1-year follow-up. Only four participants reported extramarital sexual activity during that year. Acceptance of HIV testing was disappointingly low. Implementing strategies to reduce stigmatization and increase knowledge of HIV/AIDS, in addition to not charging for testing, may increase the acceptance of HIV testing.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China