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ERIC Number: EJ960605
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Nov
Pages: 18
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 57
ISSN: ISSN-1740-2743
From Paradoxes of Multiculturalism to Paradoxes of Liberalism: Sweden and the European Neo-Liberal Hegemony
Schierup, Carl-Ulrik; Alund, Aleksandra
Journal for Critical Education Policy Studies, v9 n2 p125-142 Nov 2011
In this essay, the authors venture into the convoluted reality of a contemporary Europe, which they fear that intellectual enterprises, unwittingly, underpin: an incipient European "plural society" marked by a xenophobic cultural branding of "the Other", the erosion of citizenship, urban revolts among disadvantaged youth, an ongoing nationalist-populist alignment, and processes of "apartheisation" produced or reinforced through contemporary exclusivist policies of international migration and "integration". The authors set out from a retrospect on the Swedish experience. With more than 20 percent of the population being foreign born or second generation Swede, Sweden matches Canada, Australia or New Zealand in terms of being a country of immigration and settlement. Access to citizenship and naturalisation remains, so far, a function of residence with no claims for passing language and citizenship tests or oaths of allegiance. No formal restrictions have so far been imposed on Sweden's comparatively generous rules for family unification. The institution of double citizenship remains a flexible instrument for adapting to the particular conditions of life and needs of transnational migrants. Yet, the country's trajectory between the set up of a far-sighted liberal, tangibly "multicultural" and internationalist agenda by the mid 1970s and today's growing alignment with retrogressive illiberal policies across Europe, is indicative in exposing the reach of the adverse direction in which European "integration" is currently heading. (Contains 2 footnotes.)
Institute for Education Policy Studies. University of Northampton, School of Education, Boughton Green Road, Northampton, NN2 7AL, UK. Tel: +44-1273-270943; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Sweden