ERIC Number: EJ960543
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 32
The Impact of Religion on Women Empowerment as a Millennium Development Goal in Africa
Njoh, Ambe J.; Akiwumi, Fenda A.
Social Indicators Research, v107 n1 p1-18 May 2012
The study examines the impact of religion on women empowerment. Three religions, indigenous African, Islam and Christianity, comprising Africa's triple heritage, are considered. The hypothesized relationships are confirmed. Christianity correlates with each of the four Development Targets specified for women empowerment under the third of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), including raising the: (1) percentage of school-aged girls in school, (2) female adult literacy rates, (3) female share of non-agricultural employment, and (4) female representation in government. African indigenous religion correlates with Target #3. Islam is inversely linked to each of the four Targets. A composite index incorporating values on these Targets was developed and employed as the dependent variable in a multiple regression model. The model is statistically significant, and confirms the hypothesis of a link between women empowerment and religion. Therefore, any meaningful effort to promote women empowerment in Africa must account for the continent's three main religions.
Descriptors: Females, Islam, Christianity, Foreign Countries, Adult Literacy, Womens Education, Functional Literacy, Empowerment, African Culture, Employment, Correlation, Multiple Regression Analysis, Economic Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Africa