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ERIC Number: EJ960125
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 56
ISSN: ISSN-1696-2095
Profiles of School Anxiety: Differences in Social Climate and Peer Violence
Martinez-Monteagudo, Maria C.; Ingles, Candido J.; Trianes, Maria V.; Garcia-Fernandez, Jose M.
Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, v9 n3 p1023-1042 2011
Introduction: School anxiety is often defined as a set of symptoms grouped into cognitive, psychophysiological and motor responses emitted by an individual in school situations that can be perceived as threatening and/or dangerous. School anxiety may be influenced--among other relevant school variables - by the perception of social climate and the daily violence witnessed by students at school. The aim of this study is to identify whether there are different combinations of school anxiety-provoking situations which give rise to different anxious profiles. Furthermore, it claims to verify whether there are differences between these profiles in terms of the variables: perception of social climate and peer violence. Method: The sample consists of 365 high school students. School anxiety was measured using the School Anxiety Inventory; the social climate was measured with the School Social Climate Questionnaire and peer violence with the Daily School Violence Questionnaire. Results: Cluster analyses have identified three profiles of school anxiety. The results showed statistically significant differences among the three anxiety profiles in the following variables: (1) teacher climate (low and high anxiety) and (2) personal experience of suffering violence (low and medium anxiety; low and high anxiety). The differences were of low-to-moderate intensity. Discussion and Conclusion: The findings of this study are relevant because they provide a more comprehensive analysis of school anxiety and differences in other relevant variables in an educational context, such as the school social climate and peer violence. (Contains 1 figure and 1 table.)
University of Almeria, Education & Psychology I+D+i. Faculty of Psychology Department of Educational and Developmental Psychology, Carretera de Sacramento s/n, 04120 LaCanada de San Urbano, Almeria, Spain. Tel: +34-950-015354; Fax: +34-950-015083; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Grade 10; Grade 11; Grade 12; Grade 9; Higher Education; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Spain