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ERIC Number: EJ959741
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Sep
Pages: 6
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-1538-6619
Preschoolers Grow Their Brains: Shifting Mindsets for Greater Resiliency and Better Problem Solving
Pawlina, Shelby; Stanford, Christie
Young Children, v66 n5 p30-35 Sep 2011
Challenges, mistakes, and problems are inherent every day in learning activities and social interactions. How children think about and respond to those difficult situations has an impact on how they see themselves as being able to shape their own learning and on how they handle the next problem that comes their way. Building resilience means fostering children's sense of agency (the knowledge that they are in control of their actions) and self-efficacy (the belief that they are competent and capable) and developing a framework for approaching problems. By supporting children's developing sense of agency and self-efficacy, teachers give children confidence in their ideas, their understanding of challenges, and what they do to work with those challenges. By developing a "growth mindset"--an attitude that allows for possibilities and promotes progress and problem solving--children improve their skills for effectively solving problems every day and in more challenging scenarios. There is a pervasive discussion in US education and business circles about the need for students to have twenty-first century skills. Skills such as self-directed learning, flexibility, creative thinking, and problem solving are key components of the Partnership for 21st Century Skills (P21) agenda. P21 is a national organization promoting an education agenda that teaches the 4 C's--"critical thinking and problem solving, communication, collaboration, and creativity and innovation." Building a mindset that enables children to see themselves as problem solvers capable of addressing whatever challenges present themselves is foundational in supporting these skills.
National Association for the Education of Young Children. 1313 L Street NW Suite 500, Washington, DC 22205-4101. Tel: 800-424-2460; Tel: 202-232-8777; Fax: 202-328-2649; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A